• 论文 •

### SWAT模型最佳子流域划分方案研究 ——以云南洱海流域为例

李曼曼, 韩会玲, 刘晓英, 郝卫平

1. 1河北农业大学城乡建设学院，保定071000；2中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所/农业部旱作节水农业重点实验室，北京100081
• 收稿日期:2012-02-10 出版日期:2012-05-20 发布日期:2012-08-30
• 作者简介:李曼曼(1985-），女，河北石家庄人，硕士生，主要研究方向为水资源规划管理与水环境。 Email：liman19850129@126.com 李曼曼，韩会玲，刘晓英，郝卫平
• 基金资助:

### Study on Optimal Subdivision Scheme of Watershed Using SWAT Model —A Case Study in Erhai Basin, Yunnan Province

LI  Man-Man, HAN  Hui-Ling, LIU  Xiao-Ying, HAO  Wei-Ping

1. 1Institute of Urban and Rural Construction, Agricultural University of Hebei, Baoding071000，China;2Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture, CAAS/Key Laboratory of Dry Land Agriculture, MOA, Beijing100081
• Received:2012-02-10 Online:2012-05-20 Published:2012-08-30
• About author:LI Man-Man, HAN Hui-Ling, LIU Xiao-Ying, HAO Wei-Ping

Abstract: Taking Erhai basin, Yunnan province as an example, this paper investigated the effect of sub division level on simulations of runoff and sediment load under SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) framework, and determined the optimal sub division scheme.Results showed that the annual average runoff depth increased with the number of the sub watershed，but the sensitivity was relatively small，and the relative deviation was only 0.89%.In contrast，the annual average sediment load decreased with the number of the sub watershed，and the sensitivity was relatively large，the relative deviation being 21.21%.Considering the response of both the annual average runoff depth and sediment load to the sub division scheme, a threshold value of 137 was proposed as the optimal sub division level in Erhai basin, and the average area of the sub watershed accounts for 0.73% of the total basin area.Above this critical value, the simulated runoff depth and sediment load were stabilized, and their accuracy could not be improved further.According to our results, the method, using ratio of a subwatershed to total basin area to determine the optimal number of sub watershed in previous studies, cannot describe the real condition in a basin.Our results have implication for hydrological simulations and non point source pollution simulations in other similar complex topographical watershed.